Lupus in Children
If your child has lupus, she/he is not alone. Of the more than 1.5 million Americans with this serious chronic illness, an estimated 5,000 to 10,000 are diagnosed under the age of 18. In this age group, boys get lupus at the same rate as girls. The scenario changes in adulthood, when females are far more susceptible.
Approximately 1 in 3 children with lupus has mild disease, but most have a moderate disease that may be severe at times, but usually responds well to treatment. With proper diagnosis and treatment, only a small number of children develop severe and life-threatening lupus.
There is no single laboratory test that can prove a child has this complicated illness. Symptoms are often vague and come and go over time. Due to these starts and stops, lupus can be hard to diagnose at first and requires a careful physician to follow and treat it.
Why does your child have lupus?
Researchers are working to figure out why lupus happens to certain people and not to others. Most likely, a person inherits genes that make him or her more susceptible to this illness, and events in the body or in the environment, such as hormone surges, infections, stress, or exposure to sunlight, trigger the illness. Lupus is not contagious—a person can’t “catch” or “give” lupus to another person.
What kinds of problems might your child develop?
Lupus is a systemic and chronic disease, which means that all parts of the body can be affected, and the disease doesn’t just go away. No two cases of lupus are exactly alike. Some children get upset stomachs, joint pain, and stiffness. Others have kidney problems in which the immune system attacks these two fist-sized organs critical to filtering wastes from the blood. Because there’s no way to know which parts of the body will get sick, keep in close touch with your lupus doctor.
What tests will your child need?
Regular tests of blood, liver and kidney functions should be performed because they show how these important organs are doing—as well as changes that you or your child might not even be aware of. One of the most important things that you can do for your child is to find a doctor who knows about lupus and what the tests mean.
What medicines might your child have to take?
Researchers are actively looking for less toxic and more precise medicines to treat lupus. While corticosteroids such as prednisone often can prevent and stop many of the complications of lupus by suppressing the immune system, they also cause unwanted side effects such as retention of fluid (bloating and weight gain), increased appetite, and heightened risk for infection. Over-the-counter NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can help control aches and pains. Your doctor should help you and your child balance the benefits and risks of taking these and other lupus medicines.
What can I do to protect my sick child?
Here are some strategies to keep in mind.
- Corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive drugs put your child at increased risk for infection, so avoid close contact with people who are sick
- If your child seems sick to you, insist that the doctor examine your child
- Set an example for a healthy lifestyle. Avoid unprotected exposure to the sun—even in winter. Encourage your child to exercise and eat fresh fruits and vegetables. Limit salt, which makes the kidneys work hard. Make sure your child gets regular sleep, which is when the body repairs itself. Set up a heart-healthy lifestyle. Provide milk, yogurt, almonds, and other calcium-rich foods to keep bones strong despite the bone-weakening actions of corticosteroids
- Try, as much as possible, to let your child lead as normal a childhood as possible
How can you get the best outcome for your child?
Try to find a pediatric rheumatologist who is familiar with lupus and with whom you and your child can share worries and concerns. Be sure your child keeps doctor appointments, takes her/his medicines, and has regular examinations and blood tests to look for problems. With early and aggressive treatment, most children with lupus do well and have normal lifespans.
It is very important to have an experienced lupus doctor. At places where they know how to treat lupus, more than 9 out of 10 children will live at least 10 years and in most cases, for many, many years.
How will living with lupus affect my family?
There are many challenges to having a child with a serious chronic illness. Parents may feel overburdened. Healthy children and spouses can feel neglected. Devote time to your sick child, but make sure you and your other children and spouse get the attention that they deserve. Call on friends and family for support. Your doctor can refer you to trained counselors for extra help.
Reviewer: Thomas Lehman, MD 2008
Join a Support Group
Pediatric Support Group at Children’s Hospital of Los Angeles (CHLA)
Meetings are held once every two months from 9:00am–11:30am at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles. There are separate discussion groups for younger children, older teens, and parents (including a group for Spanish-speaking parents). Each session focuses on a specific aspect of life with a rheumatic illness. Your family is welcome to attend one or all of the sessions. Siblings older than 5 years may participate in a supervised arts and crafts group during the meeting.
Sessions for 2015
February 14, 2015 – Building Connections
April 11, 2015 – Talk to the Doc
June 13, 2015 – Becoming Our Best Selves
August 8, 2015 – Navigating School Systems/Getting Support
October 10, 2015 – Food=Fuel
December 12, 2015 – Holiday Wrap-Up and Open Discussion (9:00am–12:30pm)
Children’s Hospital Los Angeles
New Hospital Building Conference Center
4650 W. Sunset Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90027
Please park in the hospital visitors’ parking lot. Parking validation will be provided.
For more information, please email Katherine McMahon, Program Manager at firstname.lastname@example.org or call (310) 657-5667.